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Ultrasun tanning devices

Research Articles

We understand that you may have developed an interest in tanning. That’s why we’ve collected all related and vital research on the subject for you to read and download. Moreover, due to the vast amount of research on UV and Vitamin D, we’ve put them into several categories.

We understand that you may have developed an interest in tanning. That’s why we’ve collected all related and vital research on the subject for you to read and download. Moreover, due to the vast amount of research on UV and Vitamin D, we’ve put them into several categories.

Artificial UV B is more efficient than natural sunlight

Artificial UV B is several times more efficient in increasing vitamin D levels than solar UVR at a UV-exposed area.

Datta, P. et al. – Increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 in humans after solar exposure under natural conditions compared to artificial UV B exposure of hands and face

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Tanning Devices vs. Pills to boost vitamin d levels

The study shows that sunbeds to be effective in increasing vitamin D levels, more so than oral vitamin D supplements.

Gruijl, F.R. et al. – The effects of a mid-winter 8-week course of sub-sunburn sunbed exposures on tanning, vitamin D status and colds

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Tanning could be used to treat kidney disease

Based on the study’s results, UV B exposure from a tanning device is effective to treat and/or protect against vitamin D deficiency in chronic and end-stage kidney disease patients.

Krause, R. et al. – Vitamin D and UV exposure in chronic kidney disease

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Tanning beds great source to increase vitamin d during winter

Tanning beds are capable of raising vitamin D levels from typical winter values to typical summer values. To maintain a summer level through the winter, when no vitamin D is produced by the sun in northern countries, one should consider increasing the recommended intake of vitamin D intake significantly, or encouraging the population to get moderate, tanning be exposures.

Moan, J. et al. – Sunbeds as Vitamin D Sources

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UV A light lowers blood pressure

Moderate UV A irradiation o alters cardiovascular parameters, which in turn lead to a significant drop in blood pressure.

Opländer, C. et al. – Whole Body UV A Irradiation Lowers Systemic Blood Pressure by Release of Nitric Oxide From Intracutaneous Photolabile Nitric Oxide Derivates

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Tanning Increases Vitamin D Levels And Higher Bone Mineral Density

There’s a relationship between UV B, the primary source of circulating Vitamin D in humans, and type 1 diabetes. Regions with high UV B irradiance show a lower rate of diabetes type 1. Adding new support that vitamin D reduces the risk of the disease.

Mohr, S.B. et al. – The association between ultraviolet B irradiance, vitamin D status and incidence rates of type 1 diabetes in 51 regions worldwide

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Vitamin D produced by UV B has more benefits than oral supplements

Vitamin D production by ultraviolet B (UV B) exposure may be preferable to oral supplementation: it cannot cause toxic levels, it helps to prevent polypharmacy and, moreover, there are indications that UV B exposure has beneficial effects on health and well being by mechanisms other than the vitamin D pathway alone.

Chel, V.G.M. et al. – Prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency in Dutch psychogeriatric nursing home residents by weekly half-body UV B exposure after showering: a pilot study

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Exposure to UV B rays every second week can increase vitamin D significantly

Exposure to vitamin D every week increased significantly. Whereas UV B exposure every second week, maintained vitamin D levels the same. That is sufficient for maintaining summer vitamin D levels during the winter.

Boght, M.K.B. et al. – A small suberythemal ultraviolet B dose every second week is sufficient to maintain summer vitamin D levels: a randomized controlled trial

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UV B light decreases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with both genetic and environmental factors. An increase in UV B light exposure could lessen the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

Arkema, E.V. et al. – Exposure to ultraviolet-B and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis among women in the Nurses’ Health Study

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Tanning increases bone mineral density

The regular use of a tanning bed that emits vitamin D–producing ultraviolet radiation is associated with higher Vitamin D level concentrations and thus may have a benefit for the Skeleton.

Tangpricha, V. et al. – Tanning is associated with optimal vitamin D status (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration) and higher bone mineral density

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Sun exposure lowers the risk of venous thromboembolism

People with more active sun exposure habits were at a significantly lower risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Lindqvist, P.G. et al. – Does an active sun exposure habit lower the risk of venous thrombotic events? A D-lightful hypothesis

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Vitamin D deficiency may cause SAD

Vitamin D deficiency may affect mental health through several different mechanisms: A deficiency may cause temporary discomfort, depression and fatigue (which are normalised when the deficiency is restored) in otherwise healthy individuals, a mechanism that may be relevant in seasonal affective disorders (winter and spring depressions).

Humble, M.B. et al. – Vitamin D, light and mental health

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No link between UV exposure and cancer

There’s no evidence to suggest an association between any cumulative measure of UV exposure at ages 10 to 39 years and overall cancer risk. On the contrary, a reduced overall cancer risk and breast cancer risk was observed among women who spent one week or more per year on sunbathing vacations.

Yang, L. et al. – Prospective Study of UV Exposure and Cancer Incidence Among Swedish Women

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UV exposure is not a significant risk factor for those with melanoma

A survey on the association between sunbed use and cutaneous melanoma in an adult population aged revealed that sunbed and sun exposure were not found to be significant risk factors for melanoma in their case-control study.

Bataille, V. et al. – A multicentre epidemiological study on sunbed use and cutaneous melanoma in Europe

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Tanned skin reduces the risk of developing melanoma

Researchers found that the protein p53, which plays a role in causing the skin to tan after sun exposure, also reduces the risk of melanoma. The ability to tan seems to be a protective factor against skin cancer.

Cui, R. et al. – Central Role of p53 in the Suntan Response and Pathologic Hyperpigmentation

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UV-induced DNA damage

Pigmentation induced in the skin by repeated UV irradiation protects against subsequent UV-induced DNA damage.

Yamaguchi, Y. et al. – Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer formation and p53 production in human skin after repeated UV irradiation

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Tanning protects the skin by increasing vitamin D levels

A tan protects against UV‐induced DNA damage in 3 ways. Increased, pigmentation, skin thickening and increased concentrations of vitamin D. This process increases p53, which facilitates DNA repair.

Mason, R.S. et al. – Photoprotection by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and analogs: Further studies on mechanisms and implications for UV-damage

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No link between tanning devices and melanoma

A large case-control study found no evidence for the use of tanning devices to be a risk factor for melanoma in the UK.

Elliott, F. et al. – Relationship between sunbed use and melanoma risk in a large case-control study in the United Kingdom

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BRAF in melanoma isn’t a result of UV exposure

BRAF mutations are in over 50% of all melanomas and are not a result of UV exposure. New drugs have been developed to help treat BRAF melanoma.

Kudchadkar, R. et al. – Targeting Mutant BRAF in Melanoma: Current Status and Future Development of Combination Therapy Strategies

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Critique on the International community’s bias results towards tanning devices

This report gives critical insight into the bias studies towards tanning devices. With them many times underestimating the health benefits of UV machines.

Grant, W.B. et al. – Critique of the International Agency for Research on Cancer meta-analyses of the association of sunbed use with risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma

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Critical Appraisal of the Recent Reports on Sunbeds from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee

Researchers in the medical field expose the incomplete, unbalanced and non-critical evaluation when it comes to literature about UV exposure.

Reichrath, J. et al. – A Critical Appraisal of the Recent Reports on Sunbeds from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks and from the World Health Organization

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Research Articles

Scientifically Based Facts

These research articles are not a replacement for medical advice from a physician. They’re scientific sources to help you form your own opinion about the subject. Click the contact button if you desire more information regarding UV exposure.

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