Ultrasun Q18
Ultrasun Q18
Ultrasun tanning devices

Research Articles

We understand that you may have developed an interest in tanning. That’s why we’ve collected all related and vital research on the subject for you to read and download. Moreover, due to the vast amount of research on UV and Vitamin D, we’ve put them into several categories.

We understand that you may have developed an interest in tanning. That’s why we’ve collected all related and vital research on the subject for you to read and download. Moreover, due to the vast amount of research on UV and Vitamin D, we’ve put them into several categories.

Sunscreens suppress cutaneous Vitamin D3 synthesis

The results indicate that the sunscreen interfered with the cutaneous production of Vitamin D.

Matsuouka, L.Y. et al. – Sunscreens suppress cutaneous Vitamin D3 synthesis


Sunlight and Vitamin D can improve bone health and prevent autoimmune and heart disease

Sensible sun exposure and increased dietary and supplemental Vitamin D intakes are reasonable approaches to guarantee Vitamin D sufficiency.

Holick – Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease


Low Vitamin D levels can increase the risk of cardiovascular mortality

Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels are independently associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality.

Dobnig, H. et al. – Independent Association of Low Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Levels With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality


Vitamin D can help with weight loss

During the weight-reducing programme, a calcium+D supplementation was necessary in female overweight/obese very low-calcium consumers to reach significant fat mass loss.

Major, G.C. et al. – Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and fat mass loss in female very low-calcium consumers: potential link with a calcium-specific appetite control


Vitamin D to help fight influenza

Preventive intake of vitamin D supplements during winter and early spring seasons can reduce the incidence of seasonal influenza A.

Urashima, M. et al. – Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal
influenza A in schoolchildren


Low Vitamin D levels linked with autoimmune diseases

Low level of vitamin D was found in patients with autoimmune disease.

Agmon-Leving, N. et al. – Vitamin D in Systemic and Organ-Specific Autoimmune Diseases


Link between low Vitamin D levels and type 2 diabetes

The analysis showed an inverse and significant association between Vitamin D levels and risk of type 2 diabetes levels in diverse populations.

Song, Y. et al. – Blood 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Levels and Incident Type 2 Diabetes


Vitamin D deficiency worldwide problem

Vitamin D deficiency is a global public health problem in all age groups, particularly in those from the Middle East.

Palacios, C. et al. – Is vitamin D deficiency a major global public health problem?


Common risk factor for Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D has grown to become a common problem. But we should be aware as it has many adverse consequences and risk factors.

Gani, L.U. et al. – Vitamin D deficiency


Artificial UVB is more efficient than natural sunlight

Artificial UVB is several times more efficient in increasing vitamin D levels than solar UVR at a UV-exposed area.

Datta, P. et al. – Increase in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D3 in humans after solar exposure under natural conditions compared to artificial UVB exposure of hands and face


Tanning Devices vs. Pills to boost vitamin d levels

The study shows that sunbeds to be effective in increasing vitamin D levels, more so than oral vitamin D supplements.

Gruijl, F.R. et al. – The effects of a mid-winter 8-week course of sub-sunburn sunbed exposures on tanning, vitamin D status and colds


Tanning could be used to treat kidney disease

Based on the study’s results, UVB exposure from a tanning device is effective to treat and/or protect against vitamin D deficiency in chronic and end-stage kidney disease patients.

Krause, R. et al. – Vitamin D and UV exposure in chronic kidney disease


Tanning beds great source to increase vitamin d during winter

Tanning beds are capable of raising vitamin D levels from typical winter values to typical summer values. To maintain a summer level through the winter, when no vitamin D is produced by the sun in northern countries, one should consider increasing the recommended intake of vitamin D intake significantly, or encouraging the population to get moderate, tanning be exposures.

Moan, J. et al. – Sunbeds as Vitamin D Sources


UVA light lowers blood pressure

Moderate UVA irradiation o alters cardiovascular parameters, which in turn lead to a significant drop in blood pressure.

Opländer, C. et al. – Whole Body UVA Irradiation Lowers Systemic Blood Pressure by Release of Nitric Oxide From Intracutaneous Photolabile Nitric Oxide Derivates


Tanning Increases Vitamin D Levels And Higher Bone Mineral Density

There’s a relationship between UVB, the primary source of circulating Vitamin D in humans, and type 1 diabetes. Regions with high UVB irradiance show a lower rate of diabetes type 1. Adding new support that vitamin D reduces the risk of the disease.

Mohr, S.B. et al. – The association between ultraviolet B irradiance, vitamin D status and incidence rates of type 1 diabetes in 51 regions worldwide


Vitamin D produced by UVB has more benefits than oral supplements

Vitamin D production by ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure may be preferable to oral supplementation: it cannot cause toxic levels, it helps to prevent polypharmacy and, moreover, there are indications that UVB exposure has beneficial effects on health and well being by mechanisms other than the vitamin D pathway alone.

Chel, V.G.M. et al. – Prevention and treatment of vitamin D deficiency in Dutch psychogeriatric nursing home residents by weekly half-body UVB exposure after showering: a pilot study


Exposure to UVB rays every second week can increase vitamin D significantly

Exposure to vitamin D every week increased significantly. Whereas UVB exposure every second week, maintained vitamin D levels the same. That is sufficient for maintaining summer vitamin D levels during the winter.

Boght, M.K.B. et al. – A small suberythemal ultraviolet B dose every second week is sufficient to maintain summer vitamin D levels: a randomized controlled trial


UVB light decreases the risk of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with both genetic and environmental factors. An increase in UVB light exposure could lessen the risk of rheumatoid arthritis.

Arkema, E.V. et al. – Exposure to ultraviolet-B and risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis among women in the Nurses’ Health Study


Vitamin D3 supplementation during the winter may reduce the incidence of influenza A

This study suggests that vitamin D3 supplementation during the winter season may reduce the incidence of influenza A. This effect was prominent in specific subgroups of schoolchildren. Moreover, asthma attacks were also prevented by vitamin D3 supplementation.

Urashima, M. et al. – Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren.


Sunbeds can boost Vitamin D levels

Participants exposed to sunbeds irradiating adequate UVB showed continuous increases of 25(OH)D to physiological levels even after producing a tan in a controlled manner.

Kimball, S.M et al. – Sunbeds with UVB radiation can produce physiological levels of serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in healthy volunteers


Tanning increases bone mineral density

The regular use of a tanning bed that emits vitamin D–producing ultraviolet radiation is associated with higher Vitamin D level concentrations and thus may have a benefit for the Skeleton.

Tangpricha, V. et al. – Tanning is associated with optimal vitamin D status (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration) and higher bone mineral density


Sun exposure lowers the risk of venous thromboembolism

People with more active sun exposure habits were at a significantly lower risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE).

Lindqvist, P.G. et al. – Does an active sun exposure habit lower the risk of venous thrombotic events? A D-lightful hypothesis


Vitamin D deficiency may cause SAD

Vitamin D deficiency may affect mental health through several different mechanisms: A deficiency may cause temporary discomfort, depression and fatigue (which are normalised when the deficiency is restored) in otherwise healthy individuals, a mechanism that may be relevant in seasonal affective disorders (winter and spring depressions).

Humble, M.B. et al. – Vitamin D, light and mental health


No link between UV exposure and cancer

There’s no evidence to suggest an association between any cumulative measure of UV exposure at ages 10 to 39 years and overall cancer risk. On the contrary, a reduced overall cancer risk and breast cancer risk was observed among women who spent one week or more per year on sunbathing vacations.

Yang, L. et al. – Prospective Study of UV Exposure and Cancer Incidence Among Swedish Women


Beneficial effects of UV radiation other than via vitamin D production

Indoor tanning has many health besides boosting Vitamin D Levels, like enhancing your mood and help treat diseases.

Juzeniene, A. et al. – Beneficial effects of UV radiation other than via vitamin D production


A Preliminary Investigation of the Predictors of Tanning Dependence

This study investigates possible predictors of tanning dependence including demographic variables, exposure and protective behaviors, and other health-related behaviors.

Heckman, C.J et al. – A Preliminary Investigation of the Predictors of Tanning Dependence


UV exposure is not a significant risk factor for those with melanoma

A survey on the association between sunbed use and cutaneous melanoma in an adult population aged revealed that sunbed and sun exposure were not found to be significant risk factors for melanoma in their case-control study.

Bataille, V. et al. – A multicentre epidemiological study on sunbed use and cutaneous melanoma in Europe


Tanned skin reduces the risk of developing melanoma

Researchers found that the protein p53, which plays a role in causing the skin to tan after sun exposure, also reduces the risk of melanoma. The ability to tan seems to be a protective factor against skin cancer.

Cui, R. et al. – Central Role of p53 in the Suntan Response and Pathologic Hyperpigmentation


UV-induced DNA damage

Pigmentation induced in the skin by repeated UV irradiation protects against subsequent UV-induced DNA damage.

Yamaguchi, Y. et al. – Cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer formation and p53 production in human skin after repeated UV irradiation


Tanning protects the skin by increasing vitamin D levels

A tan protects against UV‐induced DNA damage in 3 ways. Increased, pigmentation, skin thickening and increased concentrations of vitamin D. This process increases p53, which facilitates DNA repair.

Mason, R.S. et al. – Photoprotection by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and analogs: Further studies on mechanisms and implications for UV-damage


No link between tanning devices and melanoma

A large case-control study found no evidence for the use of tanning devices to be a risk factor for melanoma in the UK.

Elliott, F. et al. – Relationship between sunbed use and melanoma risk in a large case-control study in the United Kingdom


BRAF in melanoma isn’t a result of UV exposure

BRAF mutations are in over 50% of all melanomas and are not a result of UV exposure. New drugs have been developed to help treat BRAF melanoma.

Kudchadkar, R. et al. – Targeting Mutant BRAF in Melanoma: Current Status and Future Development of Combination Therapy Strategies


Melanoma risk is directly associated with low levels of vitamin D

According to a recent study, There’s a direct link between an inadequate amount of Vitamin D and Melanoma.

Cattaruzza, M.S. et al. – 25-Hydroxyvitamin D serum levels and melanoma risk: a case–control study and evidence synthesis of clinical epidemiological studies


Critique on the International community’s bias results towards tanning devices

This report gives critical insight into the bias studies towards tanning devices. With them many times underestimating the health benefits of UV machines.

Grant, W.B. et al. – Critique of the International Agency for Research on Cancer meta-analyses of the association of sunbed use with risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma


Critical Appraisal of the Recent Reports on Sunbeds from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee

Researchers in the medical field expose the incomplete, unbalanced and non-critical evaluation when it comes to literature about UV exposure.

Reichrath, J. et al. – A Critical Appraisal of the Recent Reports on Sunbeds from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks and from the World Health Organization


Vitamin D, sun, sunbeds and health

UV from sun and sunbeds is the main vitamin D source. Young people with white or pigmented skin in northern Europe have a low vitamin D status. A number of health benefits from sufficient levels of vitamin D have been identified.

Moan, J. et al. – Vitamin D, sun, sunbeds and health


Sunlight and Protection Against Influenza

Recent medical literature suggests that vitamin D supplementation protects against acute respiratory tract infection. Humans exposed to sunlight produce vitamin D directly. This paper investigates how differences in sunlight, as measured over several years within states and during the same calendar month, affect influenza incidence. We find that sunlight strongly protects against influenza.

Slusky, D.J.G. – Sunlight and Protection Against Influenza


Getting More Sun Could Protect You from the Flu — Here’s Why

Researchers found evidence that more sunlight can help reduce flu infections.


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Want to Protect Yourself From Getting the Flu? Get Some Sunshine

By now, you probably know the tried-and-true flu prevention strategies: get vaccinated, wash your hands often and try to steer clear of folks who are sick. But new research says there may be another way to stay healthy, and it begins before flu season is even in full swing.


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On mission to eradicate virus germs, China firms see the UV light

Ultraviolet light is being beamed through public buses and lifts in China to wipe out any possible germs as part of efforts to clear the country of the deadly COVID-19 epidemic.

Channel News Asia

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Sunbeds inactivate bacteria and viruses

The benefits of sunbeds in combating bacteria and viruses

Dipl. Phys. Dr. rer. nat. Frank Richarz, Bonn, Germany


Coronavirus and the Sun: a Lesson from the 1918 Influenza Pandemic

Fresh air, sunlight and improvised face masks seemed to work a century ago; and they might help us now.

Medium by Richard Hobday

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Research Articles

Scientifically Based Facts

These research articles are not a replacement for medical advice from a physician. They’re scientific sources to help you form your own opinion about the subject. Click the contact button if you desire more information regarding UV exposure.

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Ultrasun tanning devices